We need to think about democracy – now more than ever. As Donald Trump becomes the 45th President of the United States, Democratic Audit asked Brian Klaas, Russell Dalton, Cas Mudde and Meg Russell what texts they are turning to in order to understand and learn from the Trump phenomenon. This post is a work in progress – email firstname.lastname@example.org or post in the comments below if you’d like to add your own recommendation.
“I highly recommend Ian Goldin and Chris Kutarna’s book, The Age of Discovery (Bloomsbury, 2016). Their text makes the compelling comparison between today’s modern turmoil and the Renaissance in Europe. Their historical parallels are striking, but they also showcase how periods of enormous upheaval can often offer hidden rewards — along with the risks. While I find cold comfort in most events in today’s news, there is no question that we are in a period of drastic social and political change. The question, as Goldin and Kutarna suggest, is whether we can harness that change to our benefit or whether we will be subsumed and overwhelmed by it. By broadening the debate to a historical perspective, it is possible to see not only the upsides of risk, but also to realise that we are fortunate to be living in the most prosperous time in human history. Those lessons do not downplay the risks of populism, a Trump presidency, or an uncertain Brexit future, but they do suggest that there is still much reason to hope and be optimistic if we learn from history.”
“I would like to nominate this short article [abstract free to read] by Kim-Lane Scheppele, professor at Princeton University, and one of the foremost scholars of illiberal democracy in Hungary. Her concept of the “Frankenstate”, i.e. a state in which all laws and institutions are by and large democratic, but the overall structure is not, is something to keep in mind for the coming four years.”
Russell Dalton is Professor of Political Science at University of California Irvine
“What are the lessons that academics, politicians, and citizens should take away from the 2016 US election? Beyond the inevitable discussions about Trump’s excesses, there is a deeper issue of those less-educated citizens who voted for change. Bob Putnam’s Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2015), is a powerful account of how the widening opportunity gap makes many working class Americans (and Europeans) losers in the race to modernity. This suggests a political lesson. In their efforts to increase their votes and enter government, many traditional leftist parties overlook these citizens to focus on the middle class and the more affluent voters. Our Kids illustrates the human costs of this narrow vision of progressive politics.”
Meg Russell is Professor of British and Comparative Politics and Director of the Constitution Unit, UCL
“One of the most worrying aspects of the current mood is that we seem gradually to be losing sight of the value of politics. The text which gets to the heart of what that term means, and provides a cogent analysis of why its practice is so important, and so deserving of nurture, is Bernard Crick’s 1962 classic In Defence of Politics. Crick notes that while ‘democracy’ is celebrated, ‘politics’ is frequently seen as grubby and undesirable – yet the one cannot function without the other. The essence of politics is a preparedness to listen to the other side, balance different evidence and interests, consider the conflicts and trade-offs, and reach the best possible compromise by peaceful negotiation.
“Crick’s skill was not just to articulate the essence of political rule, but to point out starkly its alternatives: non-peaceable resolution of conflict, tyranny or totalitarianism. In the Europe of 1962 those felt not far off. Today they are within few people’s living memory, and may appear distant threats. But the fact remains that if politics is dismissed and undermined, by demagogic leaders who peddle lies, besmirch their opponents, or fail to respect those with alternative points of view, or by media outlets who describe public servants navigating difficult issues as ‘enemies’, there is nowhere better to go. In a complex society, politics – in the Crickean sense – is our only hope for facilitating civilised collective decision-making. Once we’ve realised how precious it is, we have a duty to mobilise to defend it.”
This post represents the views of the authors and not those of Democratic Audit.